The Chrysanthemin s an Anthocyanin which is the 3 Glycoside of Cyanidin, it is found in Roselle plant and other Japanese Angiosperms Rhaponticum. The smooth arrow-wood fruits are of blue color as they have pigments of c3g cyanidin 3-glucoside. However, they mixture remains very complex.
Presence in Food
The c3g cyanidin 3-glucoside can be found in Black current Pomace, Its also present in Red Raspberries, Soybean Seed coats, peach, acai and even Lychee. It can found in small consistency in exotic fruits like Red Raspberries, Red Oranges and Victorian Plum.
The main anthocyanin is Purple corn in this case. It’s very popular in Japan and has been even listed in Existing Food Additives under the name of Purple Corn Color
- The Fusion
The procedure of c3g cyanidin 3-glucoside was first studied under the means of metabolic genetic engineering. It has been used in Anthocyanin Biosynthetic Pathways in many cases.
Role of Anthocyanians
These are water solution vacuolar pigments that can be seen as red, purple or even blue. It depends on the PH. These belong to the flavonoids class of molecules and are synthesized with Phenylpropanoid pathway. These don’t have any odor but are tasteful. These help their astringent sensation and the quality of being an Antioxidant.
Antioxidants are molecules that inhibit oxidation of other molecules. Oxidation is defined as the chemical reaction which transfers electrons from a substance to an oxidizing agent. These reactions results in free radicals and can lead to a chain reaction. Whenever a chain reaction takes place, it causes the cell damage, or even death of it. Antioxidants prevent the chain reactions as they get rid of free radical intermediates.
The c3g cyanidin 3-glucoside is beneficial as it can act as anticancer agent with a bit cytotoxicity for human tissues. All said, it holds great potential and is being studied.